Vision Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a term that cannot even be defined the same by the public and professionals that diagnose it.  It is NOT merely, "being a poor reader"  It is NOT "seeing things backwards".  

"Several perceptual studies have suggested that people with dyslexia process visual information more slowly than people without dyslexia.  Such visual abnormalities were reported to be found in more than 75% of the reading-disabled children tested." 

A complete eye exam by a board certified optometrist trained to diagnose and treat vision-based learning problems can determine for certain if vision is the basis of a child's struggle to read. 

Children who have been labeled "dyslexic" need to have a complete eye examination by a pediatric optometrist to evaluate their learning-related vision skills to determine to what degree poor visual processing is contributing to the problem.  For a specialist near you, contact the national certifying board of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development at 1-888-268-3770 or visit their web site at

Vision is a fundamental factor in the learning process. The three interrelated areas of visual function are:

1.Visual pathway integrity including eye health, visual acuity and refractive status

2. THE 3 "PILLARS OF VISION" : Visual efficiency including focusing (seeing clearly), eye teaming (eyes working together to avoid double vision) and tracking (keeping place while reading, visually following a ball, etc.) 

3.Visual information processing including identification and discrimination, spatial awareness, and integration with other senses.

Some important points...

1. Vision problems can and often do interfere with learning.

2. People at risk for learning-related vision problems should be evaluated by an optometrist who provides diagnostic and management services in this area.

3. The goal of optometric intervention is to improve visual function and alleviate associated signs and symptoms.

4. Prompt correction of learning-related vision problems enhances the ability of children and adults to perform to their full potential.

5. People with learning problems require help from many disciplines to meet the learning challenges they face. Optometric involvement constitutes one aspect of the multidisciplinary management approach required to prepare the individual for lifelong learning.


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